ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE ZAHEDAN-ZABOL GAS TRANSMISSION ROUTE

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Member of Cultural Heritage, Tourism, and Handcraft, Sistan and Baluchistan (CHTO), Iran.

2 University of Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.

Abstract

The Sistan sedimentary plain has been the habitat of various human communities in the past due to its favorable environmental conditions. Therefore, there are many ancient hills and historical monuments in this area. Although this area is one of the important and rich ancient areas in Eastern Iran, there are still many issues and uncertainties about the history of this area, and each of the existing works can answer many of these questions. Therefore, protecting such works against natural and human destructive factors is inevitable. The archaeological survey of the Zahedan-Zabol gas transmission route was carried out to identify the ancient sites on this route and protect them against any damage and destruction. Along the route designed to install the gas pipe, there are many ancient sites and important historical centers such as Shileh, Ramroud, Roud-Biaban, and Shahr-i Sokhta. This survey was conducted with an intensive and step-by-step method to identify and investigate all the sites of this important cultural area and thereby protect them from possible future dangers. In sum, 38 ancient sites and mounds were identified, and surface movable and immovable works, belonging to prehistoric, historical, and Islamic eras, were collected and documented. These cultural materials included 322 pieces of pottery and 157 index objects, all of which were categorized and studied. In this article, the authors try to provide a brief report of this study along with a description of the findings and results.

Keywords


Burke, H. and Smith, C. (2004). The Archaeologists Field Handbook, Published with the assistance of the Australian Academy of Humanities.
Khosravi, M. (1989). Adverse bioclimatic effects caused by natural factors in Sistan Plain. Geographical Research, (13), 163-184. (In Persian)
Mehrafarin, R. and Mousavi Haji, S.R. (2009). Archaeological Survey of the Sistan Plain (Phase 2), Volumes 16 to 29. Zahedan, Organization of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts. (In Persian)
Mousavi Haji, S.R. (2003). A research in Zarang archaeology of the Islamic period, PhD dissertation of Islamic period archaeology. Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University. (in Persian)
Mousavi Haji, S.R. (2009). Zahedan Kohneh, a sleeping city in Sistan. Mashhad, Page Publications, Sistan Cultural Heritage and Tourism Base. (In Persian)
Mousavi Haji, S.R. and Mehrafarin, R. (2008). Archaeological Survey of the Sistan Plain (Phase 1), Volumes 1 to 15. Zahedan, Organization of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts. (In Persian)
Renfrew, C. and Ban, P. (2011). Fundamental Concepts in Archaeology, translated by A. Pourfaraj and S. Adili. Tehran, Samira Publications. (In Persian)
Saadatian, M. (2019). Chronology and spatial analysis of the settlements of the Islamic era in the Howzdaar region of Sistan with emphasis on Qal-e Rostam. University of Tehran, Faculty of Literature and Humanities. Unpublished. (In Persian)
Saadatian, M. (2020). Archaeological survey on the route of the gas transmission pipeline from the Dashtak three-way to Zabol. General Administration of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts of Sistan and Baluchistan. (In Persian)
Sarhadi Dadian, H. (2019). Archaeological study on the route of the water supply pipeline from Zabol to Zahedan in the international zone of Shahr-i Sokhta. General Administration of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts of Sistan and Baluchistan. Unpublished. (In Persian)
Sarhadi Dadian, H. (2019). Excavations in the water transmission pipeline route in the historical zone of Zahedan Kohneh. General Administration of Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts of Sistan and Baluchistan. Unpublished. (In Persian)
Stein, S.A. (1928). Innermost Asia: Detailed Report of Exploration in Central Asia, Kan-Su, and Eastern Iran, Oxford.
Volume 3, Issue 2
December 2023
Pages 1-14
  • Receive Date: 16 May 2023
  • Revise Date: 15 August 2023
  • Accept Date: 28 August 2023
  • Publish Date: 20 December 2023